In a co-authored paper, I investigate the puzzle of why states sometimes cover up the transgressions of adversaries. Strategic discretion, instead of shaming, is surprisingly common, because obfuscation counterintuitively strengthens a coercer’s bargaining position.
A sole-authored paper examines the constructive ambiguity of the nonproliferation regime and the idea that violators are more likely to come into compliance if they can deny they were ever out of compliance. The deniable nature of dual-use technologies actually helps enforcers. This research is informed by archival evidence drawn from IAEA archives.